Blog / Preventing Pests
The arrival of spring and warm weather signals the time of year when many animals are awakening from their winter slumbers while others may be facing a food shortage. You can bet they all will be looking for a quick nutritious meal and will be taking advantage of bird feeders filled with seed.
Many of these critters are quite smart and adept at figuring out how to access the seed/feed in almost any feeder. Unfortunately, those feeders may be damaged in wildlife’s quest for a meal! The below tips will also be useful to the many bird enthusiasts living in warmer climates that enjoy feeding the birds.
Location is Key
Placement of bird feeders is key in keeping unwanted wildlife from eating the birds’ seed and from possibly damaging the bird feeder. It is recommended any feeder be placed 10-12 feet away from structures (houses, fences, trees, etc.) so squirrels, raccoons, and other wildlife are not provided an easy jumping point onto the feeder. Place the feeder with the bottom of the feeder a minimum of 4-6 feet above the ground so it is more difficult for them to jump onto the feeder from the ground. Protecting the feeder with a baffle above or below the feeder (or both) is also helpful in most cases to deter climbing wildlife from accessing the feeders, most notably squirrels, raccoons, and opossum.
Safflower seed could be used in place of sunflower and mixed seeds. Many birds like safflower seed, but other wildlife such as deer and squirrels consider the seed to be a bit bitter and leave it alone.
Another way to make seed unappealing to mammals is to offer feed treated with hot chili powder or flakes. Because birds do not have developed salivary glands/taste buds, the ‘heat’ will not bother them. Typically mammals, including deer and bear, do not like the heat and will leave the spicy seed alone.
One may also choose to feed the squirrels and other wildlife by placing a feeder or simple tray with corn or sunflower seeds near the woods or a separate designated location away from the bird feeders. Many bird enthusiasts are successful with luring wildlife to that location and keeping those unwanted critters off the feeders intended for the birds.
Birds can be quite messy when feeding, especially those who only want the sunflower seed and cast the other seeds onto the ground. (Think blue jay searching for that peanut in the mixed seed!) Frequently ground feeding birds are not able to clean up all the seed that has been tossed on the ground. This seed not only attracts wildlife such as deer, raccoon, skunk, and opossum, but also rodents such as chipmunks and mice. To limit the buildup of excess on the ground under feeders, feed only as much as the birds will eat before nightfall or be prepared to tidy up under the feeders. Another option is to not feed mixed seed; instead offer the individual seed in separate feeders. This will help limit the seed cast to the ground by birds picking out only their favorite seeds.
Much wildlife such as deer, raccoon, skunk, and opossum forage at night. While you may have placed the feeder(s) high enough to keep the smaller wildlife from jumping onto the feeders, deer and bear are great at reaching up and pulling the feeders down - frequently damaging the feeder and also the hanging system (high-line or shepherd's hook). The most effective way to deter this night-time snacking is to take the feeders inside at night. Unfortunately bear and deer frequently feed in the daytime also. For everyone's safety, the feeders should be taken in for a few days in these instances until the wildlife move on. When there is no free meal, it's amazing how the wildlife will stop coming around!
Many times, those who enjoy feeding the birds need to use a combination of the above suggestions to keep unwanted wildlife from visiting their bird feeders to get at the fee meal and damaging the bird feeders in the process!