Bird Feature: Red-winged Blackbird

Identifying Red-winged Blackbirds:

Roughly the same size as robins, breeding male Red-winged Blackbirds are pretty hard to mistake. Average length beak to tail ranges from 7-9 inches with a wingspan of 12-16 inches. True to their name, these stocky, broad-shouldered blackbirds have bold red and yellow shoulder patches on either side (above left image). The females look much different with a streaked brown and tan pattern (above right image). Nonbreeding male Red-winged black birds' pattern looks somewhat like a marriage of the two: paler, often incomplete red shoulder patches with some tan streaking showing through the black (below image).

Red-winged Blackbirds are most often found in marshes, along watercourses, throughout vegetation surrounding water hazards on golf courses, wet roadsides, and also in drier meadows and fields. While females tend to stay lower to the ground and can be harder to see through vegetation, the male Red-winged Blackbirds can be found sitting on any high perch they can find, singing loudly. Think you may be hearing a Red-winged Blackbird? Check here for examples of this bird's loud call.

These birds have a winter range in Mexico and most of the southern United States. In the Northern states and Canada, the first sightings of these birds are anxiously awaited as an early indicator that spring is on its way! 

Attracting Red-winged Blackbirds to Your Feeder:

In the fall and winter, Red-winged Blackbirds flock with other blackbirds, grackles, starlings, and cowbirds. During migration, these ravenous flocks can drain feeders in a matter of hours. 

Red-winged Blackbirds are most comfortable feeding on the ground, so spreading cracked corn, millet, or even oats in your yard can attract these black beauties. An open-style feeder such as a platform feeder, a large hopper feeder, or a vertical feeder with extended perching tray are good feeder options as they offer ample space for these birds to perch without feeling crowded. Black oil sunflower and hulled sunflower along with seed mixes that include sunflower, corn, peanut hearts, and milo can be used in these feeder styles to attract Red-winged Blackbirds.



Red-winged Blackbirds build their nests among vertical shoots of marsh vegetation or surrounding trees or shrubs. The female will select a nest location typically near the ground in dense, grass-like vegetation. Vegetation like cattails or phragmites in wetland locations, and in uplands vegetation like goldenrod, blackberry, or willow and alder trees.vShe will construct the nest by winding long thin strings of plan material around several upright stems. Once she completes weaving this platform she will add wet leaves and decayed wood and plaster the entire inside with mud to form a cup shape. Once formed, this cup is then lined with finer dry grasses. 

Measuring 4-7 inches across, this nest will house a clutch of 2-4 eggs. Eggs are pale gray-blue in color with black or brown marbling. Eggs will hatch in roughly two weeks and the young will fledge in an additional two weeks.

Have you seen any Red-winged Blackbirds yet this year?

Comment on this post (14 comments)

  • Peter Kalven says...

    Today is April 24: spotted first Red Wing Black Bird this morning in Edmonton, Alberta Canada. Spring is indeed here and the last of the over winter snow is disappearing.

    I look forward to their wonderful call.

    April 25, 2023

  • Nature's Way Bird Products says...

    Hi M Wheeler! Just the male has the red and yellow patch. Check out the first set of pictures and first paragraph in the blog above for more information on males and females. Happy birding!

    March 13, 2023

  • M Wheeler says...

    We have quite a group of redwings in our yard Do the male & female have the red wing or just the male

    March 13, 2023

  • Therese says...

    After heavy rain last night, I have about a dozen males eating in my grass. I have never seen this before! Beautiful!

    August 09, 2022

  • Carol says...

    This morning I saw a flock at my tree feeder. Mostly males, but I believe there was one female.
    Palos Hills, IL

    July 15, 2022

  • Catherine says...

    I have about 10 coming to my feeders. They are beautiful birds. Unfortunately other birds cannot get to the feeders. I also noticed that they also like to scoop the seeds out of the feeders onto the ground. So I will see if they will accept a spot just for them. Thank you for the article as it gives me a place to start so I can hopefully accommodate all birds coming to the feeders.

    May 04, 2022

  • Nature's Way Bird Products says...

    Hi Nancy! Thanks for sharing and happy birding!

    July 23, 2021

  • Nancy Lee Campbell says...

    This is the first year that I have Red-winged Blackbirds at my feeders. Only one male & his lady come regularly & feed at a tube feeder with small perches!! I fill that feeder with a blend of the seeds they like & they are very happy with it. I also have a clear domed feeder with an attached tray that I have for the smaller birds, I can lower the dome to keep out the larger birds but the Red-wings are such agile flyers that they zoom right in & help themselves to the seed inside. They are not aggressive & mind their own business. The male announces him self when he arrives & does the same when he leaves. He is always with his lady & they are both so interesting to watch. They don’t knock the seed to the ground at all, just feed easily from the tube feeder. So different from Grackles & Starlings which I don’t feed. I live in Ontario right beside the St .Laurence River. Will be interesting to see if they disappear in August.

    July 23, 2021

  • Jeanne Carroll says...

    I live in Southern NH and my backyard abuts a marshy area. As such, I am inundated with red winged blackbirds each season and love it! They flock to my suet feeder and I’ll be hanging black oil sunflower to give them a more varied diet, and to help with crowd control. They are the first birds I hear upon waking in the summer months. I just love their calls!

    May 10, 2021

  • Naomi Patten says...

    Had 2 visit my feeder for the first time ever! What a treat! I had just sunflower seeds but have since added suet. Haven’t seen them for a couple days.

    April 30, 2021

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